American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics
no. 1, January 2023
We introduce a novel Bartik-like instrument for house prices consisting of the local composition of housing characteristics interacted with aggregate changes in the marginal prices of these characteristics. Using household-level panel data, we estimate elasticities of nondurable consumption expenditures with respect to house prices of around 0.1. These consumption effects are concentrated among the young and those most likely to be facing tight borrowing constraints. A decomposition shows that identifying variation in the instrument is associated with times and locations where house prices have varied the most: during the housing bust of the mid-2000s and in the western United States.
Graham, James, and Christos A. Makridis.
"House Prices and Consumption: A New Instrumental Variables Approach."
American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics,
Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
Macroeconomics: Consumption; Saving; Wealth
Household Finance: Household Saving, Borrowing, Debt, and Wealth
Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics: Housing Demand
Housing Supply and Markets