Should We Have Automatic Triggers for Unemployment Benefit Duration and How Costly Would They Be?
AbstractWe model automatic trigger policies for unemployment insurance by simulating a weekly panel of individual labor market histories, grouped by state. We reach three conclusions: (i) policies designed to trigger immediately at the onset of a recession result in benefit extensions that occur in less sick labor markets than the historical average for benefit extensions, (ii) the ad hoc extensions in the 2001 and 2007−2009 recessions compare favorably ex post to common proposals for automatic triggers, and (iii) compared to ex post policy, the cost of common proposals for automatic triggers is close to zero.
CitationChodorow-Reich, Gabriel, Peter Ganong, and Jonathan Gruber. 2022. "Should We Have Automatic Triggers for Unemployment Benefit Duration and How Costly Would They Be?" AEA Papers and Proceedings, 112: 112-16. DOI: 10.1257/pandp.20221075
- E32 Business Fluctuations; Cycles
- H75 State and Local Government: Health; Education; Welfare; Public Pensions
- J64 Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
- J65 Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings