The Persistence of Local Joblessness
- (pp. 1942-70)
AbstractDifferences in employment-population ratios across US commuting zones have persisted for many decades. We claim these disparities represent real gaps in economic opportunity for individuals of fixed characteristics. These gaps persist despite a strong migratory response, and we attribute this to high persistence in labor demand shocks. These trends generate a "race" between local employment and population: population always lags behind employment, yielding persistent deviations in employment rates. Methodologically, we argue the employment rate can serve as a sufficient statistic for local well-being; and we model population and employment dynamics using an error correction mechanism, which explicitly allows for disequilibrium.
CitationAmior, Michael, and Alan Manning. 2018. "The Persistence of Local Joblessness." American Economic Review, 108 (7): 1942-70. DOI: 10.1257/aer.20160575
- J21 Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
- J61 Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
- J64 Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
- R23 Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics: Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population; Neighborhood Characteristics