Structure of Reference List Entries for Datasets and Registered Studies


References of Data Sources

References of data sources may include the following information:

  • Name(s) of each individual author or organizational entity responsible for the creation of the dataset
  • Year of publication/dissemination
  • Title of the dataset, including the edition or version number (if applicable)
  • Name of the database (if any)
  • Publisher and/or distributor
  • URL
  • Date accessed if URL does not contain a DOI

Examples

Reference list entries (in alphabetical order)

  • Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2000–2010. Current Employment Statistics: Colorado, Total Nonfarm, Seasonally adjusted - SMS08000000000000001. Washington, DC: United States Department of Labor. http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?sm+08 (accessed February 9, 2011).
  • Leiss, Amelia. 1999. Arms Transfers to Developing Countries, 1945–1968. Distributed by Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research, Ann Arbor, MI. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR05404.
  • Patnaik, Ankita. 2019. Data for: "Reserving Time for Daddy: The Consequences of Fathers’ Quotas." Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. https://doi.org/10.1086/703115.
  • Romer, Christina D., and David H. Romer. 2010. Data and Code for: "The Macroeconomic Effects of Tax Changes: Estimates Based on a New Measure of Fiscal Shocks." Nashville, TN: American Economic Association; distributed by Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research, Ann Arbor, MI. https://doi.org/10.3886/E112357V1.

In-text citations

  • (Bureau of Labor Statistics 2000–2010)
  • (Leiss 1999)
  • (Patnaik 2019)
  • (Romer and Romer 2010)

References of Datasets Comprised of Multiple Years

When the dataset is comprised of multiple years, each of which has its own DOI, it should be combined as a single reference. (Note that in order to combine years of data into a single reference, the creator, title, publisher, and distributor, if any, must all be the same.)

Example

Reference list entry

  • US Census Bureau. 1996–2009. American Community Survey (ACS): Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS), 1996–2009. Washington, DC: US Department of Commerce; distributed by Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research, Ann Arbor, MI. https://www.icpsr.umich.edu/web/ICPSR/series/205 (accessed November 21, 2019).

In-text citation

  • (US Census Bureau 1996–2009)

References of Registered Randomized Controlled Trials

References of registered randomized controlled trials or other studies should include the following information:

  • Name(s) of investigators registered with the study
  • Year of publication/dissemination
  • Title of the study
  • Publisher and/or distributor
  • URL
  • Date accessed if URL does not contain a DOI

Example

Reference list entry

In-text citation

  • (Kelly 2017)